Today in History: May 22

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1246

Henry Raspe is elected anti-king by the Rhenish prelates in France.

1455

King Henry VI is taken prisoner by the Yorkists at the Battle of St. Albans, during the War of the Roses.

1856

U.S. Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina beats Senator Charles Sumner with a cane for Sumner's earlier condemnation of slavery, which included an insult to Brooks' cousin, Senator Andrew Butler.

1863

Union General Ulysses S. Grant's second attack on Vicksburg fails and a siege begins.

1868

The "Great Train Robbery" takes place as seven members of the Reno Gang make off with $98,000 in cash from a train's safe in Indiana.

1872

The Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners.

1882

The United States formally recognizes Korea.

1908

The Wright brothers register their flying machine for a U.S. patent.

1939

Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini sign a "Pact of Steel" forming the Axis powers.

1947

The Truman Doctrine brings aid to Turkey and Greece.

1967

The children's program Mister Rogers' Neighborhood premiers.

1972

Ceylon becomes the Republic of Sri Lanka as its constitution is ratified.

1985

Baseball player Pete Rose passes Hank Aaron as National League run scoring leader with 2,108.

1990

In the Middle East, North and South Yemen merge to become a single state.

1992

Johnny Carson's final appearance on The Tonight Show on NBC, after 30 years as the program's host.

2004

Fahrenheit 9-11, directed by Michael Moore, becomes the first documentary ever to win the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival.

2004

An EF4 tornado with a record-setting width of 2.5 miles wipes out Hallam, Nebraska, killing 1 person.

2010

Following a 200-year search for the tomb of Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus his remains are reburied in Frombork Cathedral

2011

An EF5 tornado kills at least 158 people in Joplin, Missouri, the largest death toll from a tornado since record-keeping began in 1950.

2015

The Republic of Ireland, long known as a conservative, predominantly Catholic country, becomes the first nation in the world to legalize gay marriage in a public referendum.