The Treaty of Lyons ends a short war between France and Savoy.
Charles Edward Stuart, the young pretender, defeats the government forces at the battle of Falkirk in Scotland.
Captain James Cook becomes the first person to cross the Antarctic Circle.
Simon Bolivar the "liberator" proclaims Columbia a republic.
At the Sand River Convention, the British recognize the independence of the Transvaal Board.
Queen Liliuokalani, the Hawaiian monarch, is overthrown by a group of American sugar planters led by Sanford Ballard Dole.
The Reich issues an order forbidding Jews to practice as dentists, veterinarians and chemists.
Soviet leader Khrushchev visits the Berlin Wall.
A jury in New Jersey rules that terminally ill patients have the right to starve themselves.